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476 EDTA Chelation Therapy References, Page 2 of 2



  1. Hösli P: Therapy of scleroderma with the disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; a contribution to the toxicology of versenate. Part II. Arzneimittelforschung 10:177, 1960.

  2. Jenkins DW: Toxic Trace Metals in Mammalian Hair and Nails. US Environmental Protection Agency publication No. (EPA)-600/4-79-049. Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, 1979. (Available from National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22161.)

  3. Jick S and Karsh R: The effect of calcium chelation on cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances. Am J Cardiol 4:287, 1959.

  4. Johnson SAM: Use of the chelating agent edathamil disodium in acrosclerosis, sarcoidosis and other skin conditions with comments on tryptophan metabolism in sarcoidosis. Wisconson Med J 59:651, 1960.

  5. Jonas WB: Meta-analysis of EDTA chelation: math that doesn’t matter. J Adv Med 7:109, 1994.

  6. Jonas WB: Effectiveness of EDTA chelation therapy. Circulation 5:1352, 1995.

  7. Jones KH and Fourman P: Edetic-acid test of parathyroid insufficiency. Lancet 2:119, 1963.

  8. Jones RJ: Chelation therapy (Letter). JAMA 250:672, 1983.

  9. Julian JJ: Pass or Bypass? Chelation Extends Life. Hollywood, Wellness Press, 1981.

  10. Kalliomaki JL, Markkanen TK and Mustonen VA: Serum calcium and phosphorous homeostasis in man studied by means of the sodium EDTA test. Acta Med Scan 170:211, 1961.

  11. Kaman RL, Rudolph CJ, Mcdonagh EW and Walker FM: Effect of EDTA chelation therapy on aortic calcium in rabbits on atherogenic diets: quantitative and histochemical studies. J Adv Med 3(1):13, 1990.

  12. Kannel WB, Hjortland MC, McNamara PM, Gordon T: Menopause and the risk of cardiovascular disease. The Framingham Study. Ann Intern Med 85:447, 1976.

  13. Kebe SR: ACTH and a chelating agent for schizophrenia. West Med 4:46, 1963.

  14. Kimmel CA: Effect of route of administration on the toxicity and teratogenicity of EDTA in the rat. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol (40)2:299, 1977.

  15. Kindness G and Frackelton JP: Effect of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) on platelet aggregation in human blood. J Adv Med 2(4):519, 1989.

  16. Kitchell JR and Meltzer LE: The potential uses of EDTA chelation therapy in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Prog of Cardiovascular Dis 3:338, 1961.

  17. Kitchell JR, Palmon F, Aytan N, Meltzer LE: The treatment of coronary artery disease with disodium EDTA, a reappraisal. Am J Cardiol 11:501, 1963.

  18. Klein R and Harris SB: Treatment of scleroderma, sclerodactylia and calcinosis by chelation (EDTA). Am J Med 19:798, 1955.

  19. Klevay L: Hair as a biopsy material-assessment of copper nutriture. Am J Clin Nutr 23(8):1194, 1970.

  20. KIevay L: Interactions of copper and zinc in cardiovascular disease. In: OA Levander and L. Cheng. Micro-Nutrient Interactions :Vitamins, Minerals and Hazardous Elements. Ann NY Acad Sci (355); 18, 1980.

  21. Kneller LA, Uhl HSM and Brem J: Successful calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate treatment of lead poisoning in an infant. N Engl J Med 252:338, 1955.

  22. Koen A, McCann DS and Boyle AJ: Some in vivo effects of chelation. II. Animal experimentation. J Chron Dis 16:329, 1963.

  23. Konradi MG: Use of the disodium ethylene diaminet etraacetate for diagnosing latent forms of hypoparathyroidism. Prob Endokrinol (Russ.) (23)3: 46, 1977.

  24. Kozlov VA and Novikova VM: Calcium ion-dependent immunosuppressive effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Zh Mikrobiol, Epidemiol Immunobiol (Russ.) (1): 69, 1978.

  25. Lamar CP: Chelation therapy of occlusive arteriosclerosis in diabetic patients. Angiology 15:379, 1964.

  26. Lamar CP: Chelation endarterectomy for occlusive atherosclerosis. J Am Geri Soc 14(3):272, 1966.

  27. Lamar CP: Calcium chelation of atherosclerosis, nine years’ clinical experience. Read before the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the American College of Angiology, San Juan, PR, Dec 8, 1968. (Transcript available from ACAM, 23121 Verdugo Dr., Suite 204, Laguna Hills, CA 92653.)

  28. Lamb DJ and Leake DS: The effect of EDTA on the oxidation of low density lipoprotein. Atherosclerosis 94:35, 1992.

  29. Leipzig LS, Boyle AJ, McCann DS: Case histories of rheumatoid arthritis treated wiith sodium or magnesium EDTA. J Chronic Dis 22:553, 1970.

  30. Leitner SA: Last chance to live. Wade Allen Publishing, Chesterfield, MO, 1980.

  31. Lelievre P and Betz EH: Effect of versene on oxygen consumption of tissues in vitro. C R Soc Biol 155:199, 1961.

  32. Levine SA, Kidd PM: Antioxidant Adaptation: It’s Role in Free Radical Pathology. San Leandro, California, Biocurrents, 1985.

  33. Liberman UA, Barzel U, De Vries A and Ellis H: Myositis ossificans traumatica with unusual course. Effect of EDTA on calcium, phosphorus and mangenese excretion. Am J Med Sci 254:35, 1967.

  34. Lochte HL Jr, Ferrebee JW and Thomas ED: The effect of heparin and EDTA on DNA synthesis by marrow in vitro. J Lab Clin Med 55435, 1960.

  35. Lockefeer JH, Hackeng WHL and Birkenhagër JC: Parathyroid hormone secretion in disorders of calcium metabolism studied by means of EDTA. Act Endocr 75:286, 1974.

  36. Lonsdale D: EDTA chelation therapy. Am J Surg 166:316, 1993.

  37. Luchi RJ, Helwig J Jr and Conn HL Jr: Quinidine txoicity and its treatment. An experimental study. Am Heart J 65:340, 1963.

  38. Lyons RD: Chelation: miracle cure or false hope? Med J Aust 142: 519, 1985.

  39. Magee HR: Chelation therapy for atherosclerosis. Med J Aust 143:127, 1985.

  40. Magee HR: Chelation treatment of atherosclerosis. Med J Aust 142:514, 1985.

  41. Maunsbach AB, Madden S and Latta H: Light and electron microscope-changes in proximal tubules of rats after administration of glucose, mannitol, sucrose or dextran. Lab Invest (11): 421, 1962.

  42. Malinovska V, Zechmeister A, Brucknerova E et al: Ultrahistochemical study of the effect of glucagon and Chelation III on arterial wall structure after experimental calcification. Folia Morphologica 28:20, 1978.

  43. Marcelle R and Lecomte J: On the cardiovascular activities of the sodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. C R Soc Biol 153:1483, 1959.

  44. Margolis S: Chelation therapy is ineffective for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. Alternative Therapies Health Med 1:53, 1995.

  45. Marlow CG and Sheppard G: [51Cr] EDTA, [hydroxymethyl-14C] inulin-T for the determination of glomerular filtration rate. Clin Chim Acta 28:479, 1970.

  46. Marney SR Jr and Des Prez RM: Rabbit platelet injury by soluble antigen and antibody. III. Effects of the sodium and magnesium salts of EDTA and EGTA. J Immun 106:1446, 1971.

  47. Marsh L and Fraser FC: Chelating agents and teratogenesis. (Letter) Lancet 1:846, 1973.

  48. Maxwell GM, Elliot RB and Robertson E: The effect of Na3EDTA-induced hypocalcemia upon the general and coronary hemodynamics of the intact animal. Am Heart J 66:82, 1963.

  49. Mayan H, Salomon 0, Pauzner R, et al: EDTA induced pseudothrombocytopenia. South Med J 85:213, 1992.

  50. Meltzer L, Kitchell J and Palmon F: The long term use, side effects, and toxicity of disodium ethylelenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Am J Med Sci (242): 11, 1961.

  51. Meltzer LE, Ural, ME and Kitchell JR: The treatment of coronary artery disease with disodium EDTA. in :Seven JJ and Johnson LA (eds): Metal Binding in Medicine. JB Lipincott Co Philadelphia pp 132, 1960.

  52. McCann DS, Koen Z, Zdybek G and Boyle AJ: Effect of chelation on phosphorus metabolism in experimental atherosclerosis. Circ Res 11:880, 1962.

  53. McCoy JE, Carre IJ and Freeman M: A controlled trial of edathamil calcium disodium in acrodynia. Pediatrics 25:304, 1960.

  54. McDonagh E: Circulation changes in extremities with chelation therapy. Paper presented at American Academy of Medical Preventics Fall Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, November, 1982.

  55. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The Influence of EDTA salts plus multivitamin-trace mineral therapy upon total serum cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Med Hypotheses 9:643, 1982.

  56. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The homeostatic effect of EDTA with supportive multivitamin trace mineral supplementation upon high-density lipoproteins (HDL). J Osteopath Phys Surg Calf 8: #2, Spring 1982.

  57. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The effect of intra-venous disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) plus supportive multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation upon fasting serum calcium. Med Hypotheses 11:431, 1982.

  58. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The glycohemoglobin (HbA1c) distribution in EDTA chelation eligible patients. J Orthomolecular Psych 12:72,1983.

  59. McDonagh EW and Rudolph CJ: A collection of published papers showing the efficacy of EDTA chelation Therapy. Gladstone, MO, McDonagh Medical Center, 1991.

  60. McDonagh EW: Chelation can cure: How to reverse heart disease, diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure or surgery. Kansas City, Platinum Pen Publications, 1983.

  61. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The effect of intravenous disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) upon blood cholesterol levels in a private practice environment. J Intern Acad of Prev Med 7:5, 1982.

  62. McDonagh E.W, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The effect of EDTA chelation therapy with multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation upon reported fatigue. J of Orthomol Psy 13(4):1, 1984.

  63. McDonagh EW ,Rudolph CJ, Cheraskin E and Wussow DG: The effect of EDTA chelation and supportive multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation with and without physical activity upon systolic blood pressure. J Orthomol Psy 13;1, 1984.

  64. McDonagh EW,, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The psychotherapeutic potential of EDTA chelation. The J OrthomolPsy 14(3):214, 1985.

  65. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: The clinical changes in patients treated with EDTA chelation plus multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation. The J Orthomol Psy 14(1):61, 1985.

  66. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ and Cheraskin E: An oculocerebrovasculometric analysis of the improvement in vascular stenosis following edta chelation therapy. J Holistic Med 4(1): 21, 1982.

  67. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: The effect of EDTA chelation therapy plus multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation upon vascular dynamics: ankle/brachial doppler systolic blood pressure ratio. J Holistic Med 7(1):16, 1985.

  68. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ ,Cheraskin E: The effect of EDTA chelation therapy plus supportive multivitamin-trace mineral supplementation upon renal function: A study in serum creatinine. J Holistic Medicine 4:146, 1982.

  69. McDonagh EW, Rudolph CS, Cheraskin E: The effect of EDTA chelation therapy plus supportive multivtamin-trace mineral supplementation upon renal function: A study in blood urea nitrogen (BUN). J Holistic Medicine 5(2):163, 1983.

  70. McGill WF: The effects of EDTA chelation therapy on plaque calcium and mineral metabolism in atherosclerotic rabbits. Dissertation Abstracts International Vol. 41, No. 04, October, 1980.

  71. McGillem MJ and Mancini GB: Inefficacy of EDTA chelation therapy for coronary atherosclerosis. N Eng j Med 318:1618, 1988.

  72. Mehbod H: Treatment of lead intoxication. Combined use of peritoneal dialysis and edetate calcium disodium. JAMA 201:972, 1967.

  73. Meltzer LE: Chelation Therapy. In Seven MJ and Johnson LA (eds): Metal Binding in Medicine. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1960.

  74. Meltzer LE, Palmon FJ, and Kitchell JR: Hypoglycemia induced by disodium ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid. Lancet 2:637, 1961.

  75. Meltzer LE, Kitchell JR, and Palmon FJ: The long term use, side effects, and toxicity of disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). Am J Med Sci 242:11, 1961.

  76. Meltzer LE, Ural ME, Kitchell JR: The treatment of coronary artery disease with disodium EDTA, in Seven MJ, Johnson, LA (eds): Metal Binding in Medicine. Philadelphia, J.B. Lippencott Co, 1960, pp 132.

  77. Mischol HR and Wildbolz R: Instrumental chemolysis of renal calculi: Indications and dangers. J Urol 105:607, 1971.

  78. Moel DI and Kunar K: Reversible nephrotoxic reactions to a combined 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol and calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid regimen to asymptomatic children with elevated blood lead levels. Pediatrics 70:259, 1982.

  79. Monaco GP and Green S: Recognizing deception in the promotion of untested and unproven medical treatments. NY State J of Med 2:88, 1993.

  80. Moncrieff AA, Koumides OP, Clayton BE, Patrick AD, Renwick AGC and Roberts GE: Lead poisoning in children. Arch Dis Child 39:1, 1964.

  81. Mongan ES: The treatment of progressive systemic sclerosis with disodium edetate. Arthitis Rheum 8:1145, 1965.

  82. Montgomery MR: Advances in medical fraud: chelation therapy replaces Laetrile. J Florida Med Assoc 73:681, 1986.

  83. Morgan JM: Chelation therapy in lead nephropathy. South Med J 68:1001, 1973.

  84. Morgan GT and Drew HDK: Researches on residual affinity and coordination. Pt II. acetylacetones of selenium and tellurium. J Chem Soc (London) 117:1456, 1920.

  85. Müller SA, Brunstig LA and Winkelmann RK: The treatment of scleroderma with the new chelating agent edathamil. Arch Dermatol 3:305, 1962.

  86. yers HL: Topical chelation therapy for varicose pigmentation. Angiology 17:66, 1966.

  87. Myslak Z and Buczkowski M: Effect of calcium Versenate upon kidneys during saturnism therapy. Pol Arch Med Wewnettrzmej (31); 853, 1961.

  88. Nakano J, Cole B and Ishii T: Effects of disodium EDTA on the cardiovascular responses to prostaglandin E1. Experientia 24:808, 1968.

  89. Nayler WG: Ventricular arrhythmias following the administration of Na2EDTA. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 137:5, 1962.

  90. Nedergaard OA and Vagne A: Effect of EDTA and other chelating agents on norepinephrine uptake by rabbit aorta in vitro. Proc West Pharmacol Soc 11:87, 1968.

  91. Neldner KH, Winklemann RK and Perry HO: Scleroderma. An evaluation of treatment with disodium edetate. Arch Derm 86:305, 1962.

  92. Nguyen-The-Minh: Treatment of digitalis intoxication with EDTA Na2. Presse Med 71:2385, 1963.

  93. Nikitina EL, Abramova MA: Treatment of atherosclerosis patients with Trilon-B (EDTA). (Russ, Moscow) Kardiologiia 12:137, 1972.

  94. Nodine JH: Edetic acid therapy. (Letter) JAMA 212:628, 1970.

  95. Nolan KR: Copper toxicity syndrome. J Orthomol Psychiatr 12(4):270, 1983.

  96. Offer GW: The antagonistic action of magnesium ions and ethylenediaminetetraacetate on myosin A ATPase (potassium activated). Biochim Biophys Acta 89:566, 1964.

  97. Oliver LD, Mehta R, Sarle HE: Acute renal failure following administration of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Texas Medicine February 80:40, 1984.

  98. Olszewer E, Carter JP: EDTA chelation therapy in chronic degenerative disease. Medical Hypothesis 27:41, 1988.

  99. Olszewer E and CarterJP: Chelation therapy: a retrospective study of 2,870 patients. J Adv Med 27:197, 1989.

  100. Olszewer E, Sabbag FC and Carter JP: A pilot double-blind study of sodium magnesium EDTA in peripheral vascular disease. J Natl Med Assoc 82:173, 1989.



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  2. Ontka JA: Physical and chemical changes in isolated chylomicrons: prevention by EDTA. J Lipid Res 11:367, 1970.

  3. Oser BL: Observations on the chronic ingestion of a chelating agent by rats and dogs. Fed Proc 20(Suppl 10):158, 1961.

  4. Oser BL, Oser M and Spencer HC: Safety evaluation studies of calcium EDTA. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 5:142, 1963.

  5. Painter JT and Morrow EJ: Porphyria. Its manifestations and treatment with chelating agents. Texas State J Med 55:811, 1959.

  6. Parfitt AM: Study of parathyroid function in man by EDTA. J Clin Endocr 29:569, 1969.

  7. Passwater R A, Cranton EM: Trace Elements, Hair Analysis and Nutrition. New Canaan, CT, Keats Publishing Inc, 1983.

  8. Patterson R: Chelation therapy and Uncle John. CMAJ 140(7):829, 1989.

  9. Pavek K, Drinal J and Selecky FV: Circulatory effects of disodium edetate in digoxin-induced ventricular tachycardia. Cardiologia 50:297, 1967.

  10. Payne BA and Pierre RV: Pseudothrombocytopenia: a laboratory artifact with potentially serious consequences. Mayo Clinic Proc 59:123, 1984.

  11. Payne RB: Creatinine clearance: A redundant clinical investigation. Ann Clin Biochem 23:243, 1986.

  12. Payne JM and Sansom BF: The relative toxicity in rats of disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate, sodium oxalate and sodium citrate. J Physiol 170:613, 1964.

  13. Peart WS, Quesada,T and Tenyi T: The effects of EDTA and EGTA on renin secretion. Br J Pharmacol (59) 2: 247, 1977.

  14. Peng CF, Kane JJ, Murphy ML, Straub KD: Abnormal mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation of ischemic myocardium reversed by calcium chelating agents. J Mol Cell Cardiol 9:897, 1977.

  15. Pentel P, Jorgensen C and Somerville J: Chelation therapy for the treatment of atherosclerosis, an appraisal. Minn Med Feb:101,1984.

  16. Perry HM Jr: Chelation therapy in circulatory and sclerosing diseases. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):254, 1961.

  17. Perry HM Jr and Schroeder HA: Depression of cholesterol levels in human plasma following ethylenediamine tetraacetate and hydralazine. J Chron Dis 2:520, 1955.

  18. Perry HM and Perry EF: Normal concentrations of some trace minerals in human urine, changes produced by EDTA. J Clin Invest (38):1452, 1959.

  19. Perry H and Schroeder HA: Lesions resembling Vitamin B complex deficiency and urinary loss of zinc produced by EDTA. Am J Med (22): 168, 1957.

  20. Perry HM Jr, and Camel GH: Some effects of CaNa2 EDTA on plasma cholesterol and urinary zinc in man. In: MJ Seven and LA Johnson (Eds). Metal Binding In Medicine. JP Lippincott, Phila., 1960.

  21. Peters H, Bichinan P and Reese H: Therapy of acute, chronic and mixed hepatic porphyria patients with chelating agents. Neurology (8): 621, 1958.

  22. Peters RA, Stocken LA, and Thompson RHS: British Anti-Lewisite (BAL). Nature 156(3969):616, 1945.

  23. Peters HA, Johnson SAM, Cam S, Oral S, Müftü Y and Ergene T: Hexachlorobenzene-induced porphyria: Effect of chelation on the disease, porphyrin and metal metabolism. Am J Med Sci 251:314, 1966.

  24. Peters HA: Trace minerals, chelating agents and the porphyrias. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):227, 1961.

  25. Peterson CR: Adverse effects of chelation therapy. JAMA 250:2926, 1983.

  26. Peto R, Doll R, Buckley JD, Sporn MB: Can dietary beta-carotene materially reduce human cancer rates? Nature 290:201, 1981.

  27. Petrovic L, Stanovic M, Savicevic M and Poleti D: Aerosol inhaltion of CaNa2E.D.T.A. (mosatil) by workers constantly exposed to lead poisoning. Brit J Indust Med 17:201, 1960.

  28. Pietronigro DD, Demopoulos HB, Hovsepian M, Flamm ES: Brain ascorbic acid (AA) depletion during cerebral ischemia. Stroke 13(1):117, 1982.

  29. Platts-Mills A: EDTA chelation therapy. NZ Med J, 101(849):465, 1988.

  30. Popovici A, Geschecter C, Reinovsky A, et al: Experimental control of calcium levels in vivo. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med (74): 415, 1950.

  31. Popovici A, and Rubin M: EDTA as an anticoagulant in clinical laboratory studies. Soc Exper and Biol Med 74:415, 1950.

  32. Povoa H, Dantas LS, Faine R, Cranton EM: Antioxidant stimulation of phagocytosis using mannitol as a free radical scavenger. J Advancement Med 1(3):143, 1988.

  33. Price JM: Some effects of chelating agents on tryptophan metabolism in man. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):223, 1961.

  34. Proceedings: Hearing on EDTA Chelation Therapy of the Ad Hoc Scientific Advisory Panel on Internal Medicine of the Scientific Board of the California Medical Society, March 26, 1976, San Francisco, California (Transcript available ACAM, 23121 Verdugo Dr., Suite 204, Laguna Hills, CA 92653.)

  35. Pullman TN, Lavender AR and Forland M: Synthetic chelating agents in clinical medicine. Ann Rev Med 14:175, 1963.

  36. Rassmussen H and Bordier P: The Physiological and Cellular Basis of Metabolic Bone Disease. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1974.

  37. Rathmann KL and Golightly LK: Chelation therapy of atherosclerosis. Drug Intell Clin Pharm 18:1000, 1984.

  38. Raymond JZ and Gross PR: EDTA: preservative dermatitis. Arch Derm 100:436, 1969.

  39. Rees EL: Aluminum poisoning of Papua New Guinea natives as shown by hair testing. J Orthomol Psychiatry 12(4):312, 1983.

  40. Reidenberg MM: Kidney function and drug action. N Eng J Med 313:816, 1985.

  41. Remagen W, Hiller FK and Sanz CM: Metabolic changes in experimental poisoning with ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid. Arzneimittelforschung 11:1097, 1961.

  42. Renoux M and Mikol C: Chelation. Presse Med 72:3117, 1964.

  43. Reuber MD: Accentuation of Ca edetate nephrosis by cortisone. Arch Path 76:382, 1963.

  44. Reuber MD and Bradley JE: Acute versenate nephrosis occurring as the result of treatment for lead intoxication. JAMA (174): 263, 1960.

  45. Reuber MD and Lee CW: Calcium disodium edetate nephrosis in inbred rats. Arch Environ Health (13): 544, 1966.

  46. Reuber MD: Severe nephrosis in older male rats given calcium disodium edetate. Arch Environ Health 15:141, 1967.

  47. Reuber MD and Schmieler GC: Edetate kidneys lesions in rats. Arch Environ Health 5:430, 1962.

  48. Reuber MD: Hepatic lesions in young rats given calcium disodium edetate. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 11:321, 1967.

  49. Reuter H, Niemeyer G and Gross R: The distribution of EDTA and citrate in blood and plasma. Throm Diath Haemorrh 19:213, 1968.

  50. Rieders F, Dunnington WG and Brieger H: The efficacy of edathamil calcium disodium in the treatment of occupational lead poisoning. Indust Med 24:195, 1955.

  51. Riordan HD, Cheraskin E, Dirks M, et al: EDTA chelation/hypertension study: clinical patterns as judged by the Cornell Medical Index Questionnaire. J Orthomolel Med 4:91, 1989.

  52. Riordan HD, Cheraskin E, Dirks M, et at: Another look at renal function and the EDTA treatment proces. J Othomolecular Medicine 2(3):185, 1987.

  53. Riordon HD, Cheraskin E, Dirks M, et al: Electrocardiographic changes associated with EDTA chelation therapy. J Adv Med 1:191, 1988.

  54. Robinson DM: Chelation therapy. N Z Med J 74:750, 1982.

  55. Rosenbaum JL, Mason D and Seven, MJ: Effect of disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid on digitalis intoxication. All J ed Sci (240): 77, 1960.

  56. Rossi EC: Effects of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and citrate upon platelet glycolysis. J Lab Clin Med 69:204, 1967.

  57. Rotota MC and Sanowski R: Acute intermittent porphyria. J Med Soc New Jersey 61:101, 1964.

  58. Rubin M, Gignac S, Bessman SP and Belknap EL: Enhancement of Lead Excretion in Humans by Disodium Calcium Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate. Science (117): 659, (June 12), 1953.

  59. Rudolph CJ, McDonagh EW and Barber RK: Effect of EDTA chelation and supportive multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation on chronic lung disorders: a study of FVC and FEV1. J Adv Med 2(4): 553,1989.

  60. Rudolph CJ, McDonagh EW and Barber RK: The effect of EDTA chelation on serum iron. J Adv Med 4:39, 1991.

  61. Rudolph CJ, Samuels RT and McDonagh EW: Visual field evidence of macular degeneration reversal using a combination of EDTA and multiple vitamin and trace mineral therapy. J Adv Med 7:203, 1994.

  62. Rudolph CJ and McDonagh EW: Effect of EDTA chelation and supportive multivitamin trace mineral supplementation on carotid circulation: case report. J Adv Med 3,(1):5, 1990.

  63. Rudolph CJ, Mcdonagh EW And Barber RK: A nonsurgical approach to obstructive carotid stenosis using EDTA Chelation. J Adv Med 4(3):157, 1991.

  64. Rudolph CJ, Mcdonagh EW and Barber RK: An observation of the effect of EDTA chelation and supportive multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation on blood platelet volume: a brief communication. J Adv Med 3(3):179, 1990.

  65. Rudolph CJ, McDonagh EW, Wusson, DG: The effect of intravenous ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) upon bone density levels. J Advancement Med 1(2):79, 1988.

  66. Rudolph CJ, McDonagh EW: The chelation carrier solution: An analysis of osmolarity and sodium content. Journal of the International Academy of Preventive Medicine 8(1):26, 1983.

  67. Rutman JZ, Melttzer LE, Kitchell JR, et al: Effect of metal ions on in vitro gluconeogensis in rat kidney cortex slices. Am J Physiol 208:841, 1965.

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  76. Schwartz SL, Hayes JR, Ide RS, Johnson CB and Doolan PD: The nephrotoxicity of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Biochem Pharmacol (15): 377, 1966.

  77. Schwartz SL, Johnson CB and Coolan PD: Study of the mechanism of renal vacuologenesis induced in the rat by ethylenediaminetetraacetate. Mol Pharm 6:54, 1970.

  78. Schwartz SL, Johnson CB, Hayes JR and Doolan PD: Subcellular localization of ethylenediaminetetraacetate in the proximal tubular cell by the rat kidney. Biochem Pharmacol 16:2413, 1967.

  79. Scott PJ: Chelation therapy for degenerative vascular disease. N Z Med J 95:538, 1982.

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  83. Selander S: Treatment of lead poisoning. A comparison between the effects of sodium calcium edetate and penicillamine administered orally and intravenously. Brit J Indust Med 24:272, 1967.

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